10 Essential Shifts of Practice

Decorative: "Shifts of Practice"


"The Ten Shifts of Practice That Will Benefit Today's Learners" (post) outlines ten "innovations you can bring to your practice" -- always accompanying such changes, of course, with "careful documentation and reflection." 

1. Essential and Herding Questions

  • Essential questions are generative, designed to stimulate thought, provoke inquiry, and lead to more questions -- not result in quick or simple answers. 
  • "Herding questions" redirect students back tot eh original topic/query when they go off-course.

2. Connection Through Context and Relevance

  • "[W]here your students [encounters] a certain kind of information or a specific skill in their lives outside of school ... instantly [creates] a connection that brings relevance and context to the learner."
  • "Identify the tasks that students would be performing when they applied these skills or used this knowledge, and think about how this could be made compelling for students."

3. Personalized Learning 

  • Learning is personal, and is strengthened by the personal connection to the task ... .the learning process, the research, the assessment, the evidence of learning created, or the role in collaboration."
  • "What will make your lessons engaging and relevant to all learners?"

4. Higher-Order Thinking (HOT) Tasks

  • "Challenge your learners to evaluate and create instead of demonstrating remembering and understanding."

5. Information Fluency Research Components

"[T]he [5A] basics of this fluency":.

  • "Ask ... compiling a list of critical questions about what knowledge or data is being sought"
  • "Acquire ... accessing and collecting informational materials from the most appropriate digital and non-digital sources"
  • "Analyze ... authenticate, organize, and arrange [collected raw data]"
  • "Apply... [apply] knowledge ... practically applied within the context of the original purpose of the information quest"
  • "Assess ... discussions about how the problem-solving journey could have been made more efficient, and how the solution created could be applied to challenges of a similar nature"

6. Process-Oriented Learning Using the Essential Fluencies

  • "Use ... one of the ... Essential Fluencies as the learning process to challenge learners to solve real-world problems that matter, [to] dive deep into Inquiry, or [t] create something amazing." 

7. Clear Learning Intentions/Success Criteria

  • Put "curriculum lists, learning intentions, standards, or objectives ... out front for the benefit of your learners" 

8. Learner-Created Knowledge Focus

  • "[M]eans that the learners are creating new knowledge as part of the learning task, or [designing] a new product or solution, or developing the evidence of learning as well as the criteria"

9. Mindful Assessment

  • "[I]s fair, clear, transparent, deliberate and purposeful"
  •  [E]nhances learning by focusing on formative assessment (assessment as learning) as well as reflecting on the learning process (General Capabilities)"

10. Self- and/or Peer-Assessment

  • "[S]tresses and reinforces the importance of collaboration, reduces workload, and can increase engagement and understanding."
  • "[H]elps [students] reflect on and understand the processes of their own learning."
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