Indigenous Resources

Residential School History and Resources

Provided here are documents from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) which has, over the span of many years, put together a detailed history, a collection of survivor stories, a thorough overview of the impacts of residential, and discussion on the need for reconciliation.

Please note that some of the content included in these documents may be of a sensitive nature. Please take care. 


Teacher's Guides:

"Beyond 94: Truth and Reconciliation in Canada" by Ian McCallum. A teacher's guide for elementary and secondary, but contains helpful information at all levels. 


Four Directions Writing Guide

Decorative: Ryerson's Aboriginal Student Services logi


A. Ryerson's "Four Directions Writing Guide" is designed to help "First Nations/Métis/Inuit/Other Indigenous students ... with writing university-level essays" and is a "guide ... for all students who need assistance with their research journey." 

  • Though some resources are Ryerson-specific, many similar resources exist at Lakehead, and our instructors can profitably use Ryerson's text as a guide for their own students.

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