This post includes an introduction to the Gibbs' Reflective Cycle as well as useful extra tools for implementing it with your students.
A. Introduction to the Gibbs' Reflection Cycle
Part of the University of Edinburgh Reflection Toolkit, the "Gibbs' Reflective Cycle" (doc) introduces "arguably one of the most famous models of reflection leading you through different stages to make sense of an experience."
1. Overview: The Six Stages (with starter questions, examples, etc.)
- Description of the experience
- Feelings and thoughts about the experience
- Evaluation of the experience, both good and bad
- Analysis to make sense of the situation
- Conclusion about what you learned and what you could have done differently
- Action plan for how you would deal with similar situations in the future, or general changes you might find appropriate.
2. The Model
- Helpful Questions for Each Stage
- An Example for Eeach Stage (based on a group work assignment)
3. Different Depths of Reflection
- "[T]the same scenario [as given in-depth above], which was used in the example above, however it is presented much more briefly."
B. Additional Resources
1. Extra Tools
- "Applying the Gibbs' Reflective Model" (pdf; includes a useful word-count chart for 1,000-word and 1,500 -word assignments, so students know how to divide their writing for each section)
- "Assessing Reflection" (also from the Reflection Toolkit)
- Should I assess? (Factors to consider whether or not to assess)
- Assessing assignments (Pros/cons of summative & formative assessment - and instructor, peer-assessment, & self-assessment)
- Assessing activities (Assessing output & process of a reflective activity; using peer- and self-assessment)
- Assessment criteria (Clarifying questions; chart with 29 criteria + comments)
- Assessment rubrics (Holistic & analytic rubrics; holistic - "Moon's Four Levels of Reflective Writing" rubric; analytic - "Reflection Evaluation for Learners' Enhanced Competencies Tool [REFLECT]" rubric).
- Other Assessment Tools (from the Teaching Commons site):
2. Other Reflection Models
Introductions to other common models can be found at "Reflecting on Experience":