1. "Flipping Foundation" (post) outlines an easy-to-use, reading-based, active-learning activity "to help learners improve their critical thinking skills."
- "As we consider the need for writing test items at the application and analysis level (key strategy for creating effective exams), it is essential to teach in that way as well."
- "It is not appropriate to test at the application/analysis level (crucial to assess critical thinking ability) and teach at the knowledge and comprehension level."
2. Preparation: Before Class