1. "Pause Procedure" (post) outlines a strategy to "alleviate some common failings of lectures."
"The lecture approach assumes students learn auditorally, and research shows even the most motivated student's concentration declines after 10-15 minutes."
- "Lectures require students to play passive roles and assume all students need the same information at the same pace."
- "By using three two-minute pauses during the lecture (about every 13 to 18 minutes), the students are given the chance to clarify, assimilate, and retain the information presented during the prior mini-lecture."
2. Pause Procedure and Active Learning
This strategy can be used "to carry into the traditional lecture a variety of active and collaborative learning structures."
- "One example is for the instructor to initiate the pause by asking students to turn to their neighbor and summarize the main ideas the instructor has just presented."
- Researchers "suggest alternating 10-15 minute mini-lectures with informal group work that addresses some aspect of the mini-lecture (e.g., specific homework problems, non-graded quizzes, quickwrites, student-student discussion, note comparison)."
- "An initial exercise could consist of new or previously assigned questions that relate to the upcoming lecture."
- "The final exercise may be problem-solving (and finished at home), more note comparison, or a quickwrite (e.g., List three major points in the last lecture and one point you're confused on.)."
3. See the following: