To help build upon understandings of Residential Schools in Canada and its impact on those who attended, their families, and communities, the following links are provided regarding residential schools in Thunder Bay and near Orillia. These links contain information about the residential schools in and around Thunder Bay and Orillia, as well as historical documents and photographs.
- St. Joseph's Indian Residential School. Located in Thunder Bay [Fort William] on the corner of Arthur Street and Franklin Street (pictured above). Archives from Algoma University provide another source of information. Produced from the Shingwauk Project, this document provides an overview of residential school history, information about the structure and daily organization of residential school, along with specific information about St. Josephs.
Orillia (in the area of/near):
- Mohawk Indian Residential School. Located in Brantford. Opened in 1885. Closed in 1970.
- Mount Elgin Indian Residential School. Located in Munceytown. Opened in 1867. Closed in 1946. Also see here. See its connection with the Ryerson Report.
- Alnwick Industrial School. Located in Alderville; worked in partnership with Mount Elgin Indian Residential School. Opened in 1838. Closed in 1966. See its connection with the Ryerson Report.
- For a listing of all Residential Schools in Canada, visit the Truth and Reconciliation Commission website.
- You can also search school files from the Library Archives of Canada ("content list").
- Some Churches in Canada also contain information about residential schools in their websites: Anglican Church of Canada and Presbyterian Church of Canada.
- A map of Residential Schools in Canada from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
The following resources are provided from Anishinabek (Union of Ontario Indians),
- An Overview of the Indian Residential School System
- Soul Wounds booklet on residential school
- Little Butterfly Girl, a story about residential school
- How Do We Heal
- Please also see the other posting on Residential School History and Resources with material provided from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
- Those who attended a residential school during the day, but returned home in the evening are called Day Scholars. These students were not eligible for the 2006 Common Experience Payment as a part of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, but they could apply for the Individual Assessment Process for abuses endured while attending residential school during the day. Compensation from the Common Experience Payment for these students is being pursued. Visit "Justice for Day Scholars" for additional and updated information.