SMART Verbs for Learning Objectives or Learner Outcomes

Decorative: SMART - Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Targeted & Time-bound


As you are constructing learning objectives (or learner outcomes) for your course outlines, remember that they should be SMART --  specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound.

  • For example, to say students will be able "understand" a concept by the end of the course is vague and essentially unmeasurable, but to say a student will be able to "describe, discuss, explain, assess, or analyze" is to present a measurable goal, easily assessable by a test, assignment, presentation, etc.

The following resources provide lists of such SMART action verbs, often sorted according to Bloom's taxonomy for more specific focus: 

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