Clicking on the image above will take you to "E-Learning 101 - Synchronous and Asynchronous Tools: What, How, and Why?"
A. "Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning" (post) is worth reading in its entirety for its practical guidance.
1. The post does the following:
- Introduces the "two basic formats of learning in an online environment"
- Outlines "the benefits & drawbacks of each"
- Offers concrete suggestions as to when and how to use each (and when not)
- Provides a useful infographic (see C below) to summarize the two methods' complementary functions
2. It also ...
- Gives specific guidance as to length of videos, "chunking," your sessions, etc.
- Connects specific teaching/learning activities with the appropriate mode of delivery
- Models several class configurations for adapting a lecture course to the online environment
B. What Are Synchronous and Asynchronous Learning?
1. Synchronous = In Real Time
- "Synchronous learning is any activity in an online course that happens in real-time, like a Zoom meeting or a chat."
- "It requires all participants to be in the same online environment, actively participating at the same time."
- "It is typically characterized by opportunities for interaction between the instructor and students and amongst students, such as a Q & A, a Class Discussion or Office Hours."
2. Asynchronous = Not in Real Time
- "Asynchronous learning is all the other activities in an online course that students can complete on their own schedule."
- "While there may still be due dates, students can generally complete these any time within the given timeline for the task."
- "These activities can include video lectures, readings, assignments and group discussions or collaborative tasks."
C. When to Use Synchronous/Asynchronous Learning (infographic)